Prof. Gabriela Knoblauch

22/03/2016 | 15:41
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ANAC Inglês 2016: 1 recurso para Técnico em Regulação

Oi, gente!

Voltei para conversar agora sobre a prova de TÉCNICO EM REGULAÇÃO – ANAC 2016. 

Nessa temos recurso!! UEBA! Na questão 36, o gabarito deve ser B e não A.

Comentei a prova toda para vocês! :)

 

LÍNGUA INGLESA

Read Text 1 and answer questions 36-41

Text 1

 Welcome to the Drone Age

THE scale and scope of the revolution in the use of small, civilian drones has caught many by surprise. In 2010 America’s Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) estimated that there would, by 2020, be perhaps 15,000 such drones in the country. More than that number are now sold there every month. And it is not just an American craze. Some analysts think the number of drones made and sold around the world this year will exceed 1 million. In their view, what is now happening to drones is similar to what happened to personal computers in the 1980s, when Apple launched the Macintosh and IBM the PS/2, and such machines went from being hobbyists’ toys to business essentials.

 

That is probably an exaggeration. It is hard to think of a business which could not benefit from a PC, whereas many may not benefit (at least directly) from drones. But the practical use of these small, remote-controlled aircraft is expanding rapidly. These involve areas as diverse as agriculture, land-surveying, film-making, security, and delivering goods. Other roles for drones are more questionable. Their use to smuggle drugs and phones into prisons is growing. Instances have been reported in America, Australia, Brazil, Britain and Canada, to name but a few places. In Britain the police have also caught criminals using drones to scout houses to burgle. The crash of a drone on to the White House lawn in January highlighted the risk that they might be used for acts of terrorism. And in June a video emerged of a graffito artist using a drone equipped with an aerosol spray to deface one of New York’s most prominent billboards.

 

How all this activity will be regulated and policed is, as the FAA’s own flat-footed response has shown, not yet being properly addressed. There are implications for safety (being hit by an out-of-control drone weighing several kilograms would be no joke); for privacy, from both the state and nosy neighbours; and for sheer nuisance—for drones can be noisy. But the new machines are so cheap, so useful and have so much unpredictable potential that the best approach to regulation may simply be to let a thousand flyers zoom.

 

[Source: The Economist September 26th 2015- adapted]

  

36- As used in the text, the word “drone” is best defined as 

a) a high-pitched noise which can cause serious annoyance.

Drone é um baralho (noise) muito alto (high-pitched). Ele faz barulho!

 b) an unmanned flying machine that has many possible uses.

O drone realmente é uma máquina de voo (flying machine) não tripulada (unmanned) que tem muitos usos possíveis.

 c) an object used exclusively by criminals for nefarious purposes.

Redução. O texto cita várias pessoas que usam drones – não são exclusivamente (exclusively) usados por criminosos (criminals). Recordem:

These involve areas as diverse as agriculture, land-surveying, film-making, security, and delivering goods.

Estes envolvem áreas tão diversas como a agricultura, vigilância de terras, produção de filmes, segurança e entrega de mercadorias.

d) a multi-purpose flying aid designed for film-makers and artists.

Extrapolação. O texto não diz que drones foram criados (designed) para cineastas e artistas (film-makers and artists).

e) an unstoppable bore which probably needs to be banned.

Os drones não são uma máquina de perfuração (bore).

 

37- According to the text, five years ago America’s Federal Aviation Authority

 a) failed to perceive the importance of personal computers.

 b) exaggerated the probable number of drones in circulation today.

 c) expected the number of drones to fall below one million soon.

 d) seriously underestimated the number of drones sold today.

 e) condoned the use of unmanned aircraft for illegal ends.

 

In 2010 America’s Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) estimated that there would, by 2020, be perhaps 15,000 such drones in the country. More than that number are now sold there every month.

Em 2010 a Autoridade de Aviação Federal dos Estados Unidos (FAA) estimou que haveria, em 2020, talvez 15.000 desses drones no país. Mais do que esse número são agora vendidos lá todos os meses.

 

Fica claro pelo trecho acima que a FAA subestimou (underestimated) o número de drones vendidos (sold) hoje.

 

38- The concluding sentence of the text suggests that the best policy for drones may be to regulate them

 a) for safety and privacy reasons.

 b) as strictly as possible.

 c) for cost and reliability.

 d) as often as possible.

 e) as little as possible.

 

But the new machines are so cheap, so useful and have so much unpredictable potential that the best approach to regulation may simply be to let a thousand flyers zoom.

Mas as novas máquinas são tão baratas, tão úteis e têm tanto potencial imprevisível que a melhor abordagem para a regulamentação pode ser simplesmente deixar que milhares de drones voem velozmente.

 

Ou seja, o texto sugere que a melhor política (policy) seja regular (regulate) o menos possível (as little as possible).

 

39- In Paragraph 2 line 12, the verbs “to scout” and “to burgle” mean respectively

 a) to survey and to break into.

 b) to access and to police.

 c) to look down on and to shoot.

 d) to eavesdrop and to harass.

 e) to film and to embezzle.

 

In Britain the police have also caught criminals using drones to scout houses to burgle.

Na Grã-Bretanha, a polícia também pegou criminosos usando drones para vigiar casas para assaltar.

 

TO SCOUT: espiar, observar, examinar, vigiar.

TO BURGLE: arrombar, roubar.

TO SURVEY: inspecionar, examinar, olhar, vistoriar.

TO BREAK INTO: arrombar.

 

40- The word “whereas” in Paragraph 2 line 2 could best be replaced by

 a) since.

b) once.

c) moreover.

d) while.

e) because.

 

Whereas: enquanto que, ao passo que, visto que

Since: Desde

Once: Uma vez

Moreover: Além disso

While: Enquanto

Because: Porque, pois

 

41- The word “nosy” in Paragraph 3 line 6 could mean

a) inquisitive.

b) loud-mouthed.

c) friendly.

d) excitable.

e) unexceptionable.

 

NOSE: Nariz.

NOSY: Intrometido, curioso, “que coloca o nariz onde não deve”.

Inquisitive: Curioso, perguntador, desejoso de ver ou de saber.

 

Read Text 2 and answer questions 42-45

Text 2

Busy air traffic control facilities lack enough controllers

 

WASHINGTON — Thirteen of America’s busiest air traffic control facilities are suffering from a shortage of air traffic controllers, a problem that demands “urgent attention,” a government watchdog told lawmakers on Tuesday. The facilities also are under stress because a large share of their controllers are still being trained and are not yet competent to work on their own, he said. Many of their experienced controllers also are eligible to retire, Hampton said.

 

Officials with the National Air Traffic Controllers Association, the union representing controllers, also complained about the difficulty in moving an experienced controller from a less-busy workplace to a busy one. Managers are reluctant to let workers go for fear they won’t be readily replaceable, he said. And employees may oppose moving to an area where the cost of living is higher — New York, for example.

 

Washington Post 6/12/15 [adapted]

 

42- In relation to air traffic controllers, the text expresses concern that

 a) they are too retiring.

 b) there are too many of them.

 c) there are too few of them.

 d) they are mainly immovable.

 e) they are usually incompetent.

 

O título já nos dá a resposta. Se o controle de tráfego aéreo (air traffic control) está em falta (lack) de controladores suficientes (enough controllers), devemos entender que há muito poucos (there are too few) deles (of them).

  

43- The expression “a government watchdog” in Paragraph 1 line 3 and 4 refers to

 a) a specially trained sniffer canine at airports.

 b) an official inspector or inspection committee.

 c) a state paymaster and his acolytes.

 d) a presidential aircraft supervisor.

 e) an understaffed civil service department.

  

WATCHDOG: cão de guarda, guarda atento.

Segundo o Dicionário Macmillan (que a ESAF AMA!): uma pessoa ou organização que trabalha para impedir as pessoas de fazer coisas ilegais em uma área específica de negócios ou da sociedade.

 

WASHINGTON — Thirteen of America’s busiest air traffic control facilities are suffering from a shortage of air traffic controllers, a problem that demands “urgent attention,” a government watchdog told lawmakers on Tuesday.

WASHINGTON - Treze das mais movimentadas instalações de controle de tráfego aéreo dos Estados Unidos estão sofrendo de uma escassez de controladores de tráfego aéreo, um problema que exige "atenção urgente", um cão de guarda do governo disse aos legisladores na terça-feira.

 

No texto, cão de guarda do governo é um inspetor oficial ou um comitê de inspeção. Quem inspeciona é uma espécie de guarda atento e vigilante.

 

44- According to Paragraph 1, many air traffic controllers

 a) are suffering from stress.

 b) are currently uneducated.

 c) demand frequent attention.

 d) still need supervision at work.

 e) do not get on with their colleagues.

 

The facilities also are under stress because a large share of their controllers are still being trained and are not yet competent to work on their own, he said. Many of their experienced controllers also are eligible to retire, Hampton said.

As instalações também estão sob estresse, porque uma grande parte dos seus controladores ainda está sendo treinada e ainda não é competente para trabalhar por conta própria, ele disse. Muitos de seus controladores experientes também são elegíveis para se aposentar, disse Hampton.

 

Se uma grande parte (large share) dos seus controladores (controllers) ainda está sendo treinada (still being trained) e ainda não é competente para trabalhar por conta própria (are not yet competent to work on their own), fica claro que os controladores citados ainda precisam (still need) de supervisão no trabalho (supervision at work).

 

45- Objections to changing place of work may come from

 a) trades unions and Congressmen.

 b) workers and the unemployed.

 c) workers’ wives or husbands and families.

d) employees in training and experienced workers.

 e) air traffic controllers and their superiors.

 

Officials with the National Air Traffic Controllers Association, the union representing controllers, also complained about the difficulty in moving an experienced controller from a less-busy workplace to a busy one. Managers are reluctant to let workers go for fear they won’t be readily replaceable, he said. And employees may oppose moving to an area where the cost of living is higher — New York, for example.

Autoridades com a Associação de Controladores de Tráfego Aéreo Nacional, o sindicato que representa os controladores, também se queixaram da dificuldade em mover um controlador experiente de um ambiente de trabalho menos ocupado para um ocupado. Os gerentes são relutantes em deixar os trabalhadores irem com medo de que eles não sejam substituídos prontamente, disse ele. E os funcionários podem se opor a mudar para uma área onde o custo de vida é mais alto - New York, por exemplo.

 

Quem reclama da mudança (change) no local de trabalho (place of work)?

  1. O controlador mais experiente (experienced controller)
  2. Os gerentes (managers), ou seja, os superiores
  3. E os funcionários (employees)

 

Abs!

 

Gabriela

Profa. de Inglês/ Coach

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Comentários

  • 22/03/2016 - Igor Oliveira
    Aloprou professora...rs...abs!
  • 23/03/2016 - Prof Gabriela Knoblauch
    Obrigada, Igor! :)
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